Sustainable Manufacturing and Environmental Pollution Programme


Optimizing a textile manufacturing facility as demonstration site to reuse water and enhance wastewater management

The textile industry faces environmental challenges such as excessive water consumption and wastewater pollution. Bangladesh’s textile manufacturing industry has announced sustainability goals, including reducing its blue water footprint and meeting wastewater guidelines. This project aims to showcase that this goal can be realised and address social and environmental water impacts in textile manufacturing.

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SMEP Chapters: Tanzania, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Kenya

SMEP Video Series: Tanzania, Kenya, Pakistan & Bangladesh View this series of videos produced by UNCTAD for the SMEP Programme to gain an understanding of the manufacturing and plastic pollution realities in these geographies. View YouTube video: Tanzania View YouTube video: Pakistan View YouTube video: Kenya View YouTube video: Bangladesh

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Harmonised system (HS) Subheadings for Plastic Substitutes

Harmonised System (HS) Subheadings for Plastic Substitutes The factsheet presents an illustrative list of substitute products for single-use plastics as well as the relevant feedstocks, used in their manufacture, together with the corresponding Harmonised System codes and product descriptions at the six-digit level. 

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Factsheet for Bangladesh: The role of exports in manufacturing pollution

Factsheet for Bangladesh: The role of exports in manufacturing pollution A lifecycle analysis of selected manufacturing exports from Bangladesh reveals various effects on the environmental and human health. The analysis shows the importance of the textile sector in all the impact categories, considering the cradle-to-gate and the gate-to-gate system boundary. The textile industry has been

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Enabling concerted multilateral action on plastic pollution and plastics substitutes

Enabling concerted multilateral action on plastic pollution and plastic substitutes This report acknowledges that for multiple parallel and inclusive responses within the United Nations and the multilateral trading system are needed to succeed in curbing plastic pollution. It argues that improvements in trade and domestic governance, including to promote plastic substitutes, alternatives and increased material

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Material substitutes to single-use plastics

Material Substitution to Single-Use-Plastic in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Case studies from Bangladesh, Kenya and Nigeria This paper assesses the economic and technical feasibility of the production, deployment and scale-up of substitutes for single-use plastics (SUPs) in selected countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. A shift towards SUP substitutes could be one means

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